Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Carel Fabritius



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Fabritius was the most innovative of Rembrandt's pupils. He worked under him in Amsterdam during the period 1641-3. Very few of his works survive.Fabritius painted in Delft and his work with its cool lighting, dark figures against a light background, and his interest in the nature of optics has an affinity with the most famous Delft artist, Vermeer.Fabritius was tragically killed at the age of 32 when the Delft municipal gunpowder magazine exploded in 1654. The aftermath of this event was recorded in a painting by Egbert van der Poel. The New Church at the left of his picture can also be seen in Fabritius's 'View of Delft' in the Collection.Fabritius's few paintings show a very accomplished technique. He combined thin glazes with selected areas of impasto to create varying impressions of depth and texture. The extent to which he may have been interested in perspectival effects is considered in the entry on the 'View of Delft', a painting which may have formed part of a perspective box.

Of all Rembrandt's pupils, Fabritius was the only one to develop his own artistic style. A typical Rembrandt portrait would have a plain dark background with the subject defined by spotlighting. In contrast, Fabritius' portraits feature delicately lit subjects against light-coloured, textured backgrounds. Moving away from the Renaissance focus on iconography, Fabritius became interested in the technical aspects of painting. He used cool colour harmonies to create shape in a luminous style of painting.

Carel Pietersz. Fabritius was born in February 1622 in Middenbeemster, a village in the ten-year-old Beemster polder in the Dutch Republic, and was baptized on 27 February of that year. He was the son of Pieter Carelsz., a painter and schoolteacher, and he had two younger brothers Barent and Johannes, who also became painters.

A goldfinch is sitting on its feeder, chained by its foot. Goldfinches were popular pets, as they could be taught tricks like drawing water from a bowl with a miniature bucket.

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Carel Fabritius, The Goldfinch, 1654 Details A goldfinch is sitting on its feeder, chained by its foot. Goldfinches were popular pets, as they could be taught tricks like drawing water from a bowl with a miniature bucket. This is one of the few works we know by Fabritius. He painted the goldfinch with clearly visible brushstrokes. He depicted the wing in thick yellow paint, which he scratched with the handle of his brush. Also visit our special website: The Goldfinch a bird’s-eye view More images of this piece Share this page

Etter kona hans døydde i 1643 kom Fabritius i alvorleg pengeknipe. Han opparbeidde gjeld, noko som forfylgde han livet ut. Etter ein del år i Amsterdam, flytta han til Delft, der han i 1652 vart medlem av Sint-Lucasgildet.

Fabritius var også interessert i komplekse og romlege effektar, noko ein ser i det overdrivne perspektivet i måleriet Utsyn i Delft, med buda til ein seljar av musikkinstrument frå 1652. Han synte framifrå evner i å måle med ein pensel full av måling, som i Stillits frå 1654. Alle desse elementa finst i arbeid av dei to målarane i Delft med størst ry; Johannes Vermeer og Pieter de Hooch. Det er sannsynleg Fabritius hadde sterk innverknad på målarstilen deira.

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