Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Edwin Austin Abbey



The Quest of the Holy Grail, una serie de paneles que se encuentran en la Biblioteca Pública de Boston, es quizá su más famosa pintura. Fue también el pintor oficial de la coronación del rey Eduardo VII. Murió debido a una enfermedad.



London, city, capital of the United Kingdom. It is among the oldest of the world’s great cities—its history spanning nearly two millennia—and one of the most cosmopolitan. By far Britain’s largest metropolis, it is also the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural centre. London is situated

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űv Edwin Austin Abbey (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1852. április 1. – 1911. augusztus 1.) amerikai származású festő, illusztrátor. á Bár az Amerikai Egyesült Államokban született, 1878-ban Angliába költözött. 1898-ban a Királyi Művészeti Akadémia teljes jogú tagjává választották. A Viktória-korszak kedvelt festője volt. 1902-ben megbízást kapott VII. Eduárd brit király koronázásának megörökítésére. A neki felajánlott lovagi címet nem fogadta el, hogy megtarthassa amerikai állampolgárságát. Amerikában több híres falfestményt alkotott (Boston, Harrisburg).

While working as an illustrator for the publishing house of Harper and Brothers, New York City, Abbey began to create illustrations for the poems of Robert Herrick in 1874. He went on to create illustrations for some of the works of Oliver Goldsmith and William Shakespeare.

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He moved to England in 1878, where he would remain for the rest of his life. He was elected in 1883 to the Royal Institute of Painters in Water-Colours. In 1884 Abbey turned to oil painting and specialized in large literary and historical works encompassing the various period revivals then in fashion: medieval, Shakespearean, and 17th century. He was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1896 and an academician two years later. He became a member of the National Academy of Design in 1902. Abbey’s later works include decorative schemes for several public buildings, among them the state capitol at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, as well as the royal commission in 1902 to paint the coronation of King Edward VII of England. A celebrated success in England, Abbey also maintained a prestigious reputation in the United States.

Learn More in these related articles: Robert Herrick Robert Herrick, English cleric and poet, the most original of the “sons of Ben ,” who revived the spirit of the ancient classic lyric. He is best remembered for the line “Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,” and he Read More Oliver Goldsmith Oliver Goldsmith, Anglo-Irish essayist, poet, novelist, dramatist, and eccentric, made famous by such works as the series of essays The Citizen of the World, or, Letters from a Chinese Philosopher , the poem The Deserted Village , Read More William Shakespeare William Shakespeare, English poet, dramatist, and actor, often called the English national poet and considered by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time. Read More Philadelphia Philadelphia, city and port, coextensive with Philadelphia county, southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S. It is situated at the confluence of the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers. Area 135 square miles (350 square km). Pop. 1,517,550; Philadelphia Metro Division, 3,849,647; Read More London London, city, capital of the United Kingdom. It is among the oldest of the world’s great cities—its history spanning nearly two millennia—and one of the most cosmopolitan. By far Britain’s largest metropolis, it is also the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural centre. London is situated Read More

His pen work, though always excellent, took on a new dimension. The sketching "rambles" he experienced in England with Alfred Parsons and George Boughton reinforced his belief in the value of drawing from the source. His ink drawings were still being engraved on wood, so some of the spontaneity is lost. Like Daniel Vierge, Abbey was quick to see the advantage of "process" reproduction of his pen drawings ("process" being any of several photographic processes that eliminated the engraver's reinterpretation). While in England he produced illustrations for many Harpers serials including "She Stoops to Conquer" (collected as a sumptuous book in 1887), "Old Songs" (right), and "Judith Shakespeare" (the first two were also published in book form with Abbey's illustrations). While in Europe, he met and was inspired by the great French and English artists of the day. His friendship with Sargent is evidenced by the portrait at the top of this page. Abbey often lived at his studio in Broadway and they painted together often. He was also friends with Alma-Tadema, DuMaurier, Whistler, and others. And though he was painting throughout, he still was using the pen as his primary artistic tool. This prowess with the pen led Harpers to assign him a series of illustrations for Shakespeare's comedies in 1887.

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Another easel painting was The Crusaders Sighting Jerusalem from 1901, at left. Again, his insistence on accuracy provides a most dynamic image. Always a popular artist, in 1902, he illustrated an edition of Oliver Goldsmith's The Deserted Village (Goldsmith also wrote She Stoops to Conquer, one of his earliest successes). The illustration at right demonstrates the continued development with the pen, especially is the sense of spontaneity of line.

He was made a full member of the Royal Academy in 1898. In 1902 he was chosen to paint the coronation of King Edward VII. It was the official painting of the occasion and, hence, resides at Buckingham Palace. He did receive a knighthood, although some say he refused it in 1907. Friendly with other expatriate American artists, he summered at Broadway, Worcestershire, England, where he painted and vacationed alongside John Singer Sargent at the home of Francis Davis Millet.

Il a été fait membre à part entière de l'Académie royale en 1898. En 1902, il a été choisi pour peindre le couronnement du Roi Edouard VII. Ce fut la peinture officielle de l'occasion et, par conséquent, elle réside auBuckingham Palace. Il a reçu le titre de chevalier, bien que certains disent qu'il a refusé en 1907.

Abbey was elected to the National Academy of Design, in 1902, and The American Academy of Arts and Letters. He was a prolific illustrator, and attention to detail, including historical accuracy, influenced successive generations of illustrators.

Edwin Austin Abbey (Philadelphie, Pennsylvanie, 1er avril 1852 – 1er août 1911) est un artiste, illustrateur et peintre américain. Il est particulièrement connu pour ses illustrations dans Harper's Weekly, ses fresques de la Bibliothèque publique de Boston et du Capitole de l'État de Pennsylvanie. Ses nombreuses peintures représentent des œuvres littéraires ou théâtrales, et le Couronnement d'Édouard VII.

Abbey died in August 1911, leaving two rooms of the commission unfinished. The remainder of the work was given to Violet Oakley, who completed the commission from start to finish using her own designs.

Edwin Austin Abbey RA (April 1, 1852 – August 1, 1911) was an American muralist, illustrator, and painter. He flourished at the beginning of what is now referred to as the "golden age" of illustration, and is best known for his drawings and paintings of Shakespearean and Victorian subjects, as well as for his painting of Edward VII's coronation. His most famous set of murals, The Quest and Achievement of the Holy Grail, adorns the Boston Public Library.

Edwin Austin Abbey est né en 1852 à Philadelphie. Il a étudié l'art à la Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Il a commencé en tant qu'illustrateur, illustrant des croquis pour des magazines comme le Harper Hebdomadaire (de 1871 à 1874) et le magazine Scribner. Il emménage à New York en 1871. Ses illustrations furent inspirées par l'art noir et blanc français et allemand. Il illustra également des couvertures de livres comme Histoires de Noël de Charles Dickens , Sélections de la poésie de Robert Herrick , et She Stoops to Conquer par Oliver Goldsmith . Abbey a également illustré un ensemble de quatre volumes: Les Comédies de Shakespeare pour Harper & Brothers en 1896.

Estudió en la Academia de Bellas Artes de Pensilvania, trabajando después para la Harper & Brothers y enviado a Inglaterra, donde reunió material para el estampado de poemas y otros libros. Su ilustración de William Shakespeare es considerada su mejor obra.

Born in 1852, Edwin Austin Abbey was on staff at Harpers by the time he was 19 and, despite success, recognition and raises, he left to pursue a free-lance career at the age of 22. He returned to Harpers in 1876, at the ripe old age of 24, a wily veteran at the princely sum of $50 a week (more than three times his 1871 initial salary). 1876 was also the American Centennial and one of the many celebratory events was the Centennial Exhibition which brought a wide selection of European paintings to Philadelphia. Abbey was inspired by the English contingent: Leighton, Watt, Boughton, and others. Already a proponent of drawing from life, the work of the Pre-Raphaelites inspired him further. This led to a journey to England in 1878 in the cause of accuracy in his drawings for Herrick's Poems. He remained there for most of his life.

In 1908–09, Abbey began an ambitious program of murals and other artworks for the newly completed Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. These included allegorical medallion murals representing Science, Art, Justice, and Religion for the dome of the Rotunda, four large lunette murals beneath the dome, and multiple works for the House and Senate Chambers. He was working on the Reading of the Declaration of Independence mural in early 1911, when his health began to fail. He was diagnosed with cancer. Studio assistant Ernest Board continued work on the mural with little supervision from Abbey, and with contributions by John Singer Sergeant.

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He moved to England in 1878, at the request of his employers, to gather material concerning Robert Herrick, and he settled permanently there in 1883. In 1883, he was elected to the Royal Institute of Painters in Water-Colours. About this time, he was appraised critically by the American writer, S.G.W. Benjamin:

Il a déménagé en Angleterre en 1878, à la demande de ses employeurs, afin de recueillir des documents concernant Robert Herrick , et il s'y installe définitivement en 1883. En 1883, il a été élu à l'Institut royal des peintres en Alimentation Couleurs .

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We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

In 1890, Edwin married Gertrude Mead, the daughter of a wealthy New York merchant. Mrs Abbey encouraged her husband to secure more ambitious commissions, although with their marriage commencing when both were in their forties, the couple remained childless. After her husband's death, Gertrude was active in preserving her husband's legacy, writing about his work and giving her substantial collection and archive to Yale. Edwin had been a keen supporter of the newly founded British School at Rome (BSR), so, in his memory, she donated £6000 to assist in building the artists' studio block and, in 1926, founded the Incorporated Edwin Austin Abbey Memorial Scholarships. The scholarships were established to enable British and American painters to pursue their practice. Recipients of Abbey funding – Scholars and, more recently, Fellows – devote their scholarship to working in the studios at the BSR, where there has, ever since, been at least one Abbey-funded artist in residence. Previous award holders include Stephen Farthing, Chantal Joffe and Spartacus Chetwynd. The Abbey Fellowships (formerly 'Awards') were established in their present form in 1990, and the Abbey studios also host the BSR's other fine art residencies, such as the Derek Hill Foundation Scholarship and the Sainsbury Scholarship in Painting and Drawing. A bust of Edwin Abbey, by Sir Thomas Brock, stands in the courtyard of the BSR.

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