Debian GNU/Linux: Guide to Installation and Usage, by John Goerzen and Ossama Othman




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Debian GNU/Linux: Guide to Installation and Usage

John Goerzen and Ossama Othman

(c) 1998, 1999 Software in the Public Interest, Inc.

Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided also that the sections that reprint ``The GNU General Public License'' and other clearly marked sections held under separate copyright are reproduced under the conditions given within them, and provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one.

Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this manual into another language under the conditions for modified versions. ``The GNU General Public License'' may be included in a translation approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the original English.

At your option, you may distribute verbatim and modified versions of this document under the terms of the GNU General Public License, excepting the clearly marked sections held under separate copyright.



Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
Acknowledgments
Preface

Guide
Introduction
What Is Debian?
Who Creates Debian?
A Multiuser, Multitasking Operating System
What Is Free Software?
About This Book
How to Read This Book
Conventions
Getting Started
Supported Hardware
Memory and Disk Space Requirements
Before You Start
Information You Will Need
Partitioning Your Hard Drive
Background
Planning Use of the System
PC Disk Limitations
Device Names in Linux
Recommended Partitioning Scheme
Partitioning Prior to Installation
Debian Installation Steps
Choosing Your Installation Media
Installing from a CD-ROM
Booting from Floppies
Booting the Installation System
Step-by-Step Installation
Select Color or Monochrome Display
Debian GNU/Linux Installation Main Menu
Configure the Keyboard
Last Chance to Back Up!
Partition a Hard Disk
Initialize and Activate a Swap Partition
Initialize a Linux Partition
Mount a Previously-Initialized Partition
Install Operating System Kernel and Modules
Configure PCMCIA Support
Configure Device Driver Modules
Configure the Network
Install the Base System
Configure the Base System
Make Linux Bootable Directly from the Hard Disk
Make a Boot Floppy
The Moment of Truth
Set the Root Password
Create an Ordinary User
Shadow Password Support
Remove PCMCIA
Select and Install Profiles
Package Installation with dselect
Introduction
Once dselect Is Launched
A Few Hints in Conclusion
Glossary
Logging In
First Steps
Command History and Editing the
Command Line

Working as Root
Virtual Consoles
Shutting Down
The Basics
The Command Line and Man Pages
Describing the Command Line
Files and Directories
Using Files: A Tutorial
Dot Files and ls -a
Processes
The Shell
Managing Processes with bash
A Few bash Features
Tab Completion
Managing Your Identity
Using the Shell
Environment Variables
Where Commands Reside: The PATH Variable
Configuration Files
System-Wide Versus User-Specific
Configuration

Aliases
Controlling Input and Output
stdin, stdout, Pipelines, and Redirection
Filename Expansion
More on Files
Permissions
File Ownership
Mode
Permissions in Practice
Files Present and Their Locations
File Compression with gzip
Finding Files
Determining a File's Contents
Using a File Manager
Working with Text Files
Viewing Text Files
Text Editors
Using ae
The X Window System
Introduction to X
Starting the X Environment
Basic X Operations
The Mouse
X Clients
Troubleshooting
Leaving the X Environment
Customizing Your X Startup
Filesystems
Concepts
mount and /etc/fstab
Mounting a Filesystem
Example: Mounting a CD-ROM
/etc/fstab: Automating the Mount Process
Removable Disks (Floppies, Zip Disks, Etc.)
Backup Tools
tar
Networking
PPP
Introduction
Preparation
The Easy Way: wvdial
Ethernet
Removing and Installing Software
What a Package Maintenance Utility Does
dpkg
dselect
Compiling Software
Advanced Topics
Regular Expressions
Advanced Files
The Real Nature of Files: Hard Links and Inodes
Types of Files
The proc Filesystem
Large-Scale Copying
Security
Software Development with Debian

Reference
Reading Documentation and Getting Help
Kinds of Documentation
Using info
HOWTOs
Personal Help
Getting Information from the System
Troubleshooting
Common Difficulties
Working with Strangely-Named Files
Printing
X Problems
Troubleshooting the Boot Process
Booting the System
The GNU General Public License

Index
About this document ...

Next: Contents Contents Index

John Goerzen / Ossama Othman

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